Monitoring programmes, along with the design and deployment of technical instruments, are an important factor in increasing our knowledge of habitats and species. They can also improve management planning and assessment. The socio-economic aspects will be taken into account at all times. Under this theme we evaluate the efficiency and impact of action taken in the context of the BNIP.

Specifically, it covers the following: eco-hydrological studies in relation to environment quality and the nitrogen issue, knowledge building on the subject of ecosystem recovery and ecosystem services.